Gargantuan Vocabulary List Part I

abandoned Forsaken, deserted

abandonment The act of giving something up

abash To cause to feel self-conscious; to confuse or confound

abbreviate To make briefer; to shorten; to abridge; to reduce by contraction

or omission

abduction The wrongful and usually forcible carrying off of a human being

abhorrent Being so repugnant as to stir up positive antagonism

abhors Feels excessive repugnance toward; detests to extremity; loathes

abide Bear patiently; tolerate; put up with

abolish To do away with

abrasion A wearing, grinding, or rubbing away by friction

abridge To make shorter; to shorten in duration; to lessen; to diminish; to


abruptness Suddenness; unceremonious haste or vehemence

absentee One missing from work or school

absolute Free from imperfection

absolved Freed from a penalty; pardoned; remitted (as from the guilt of a


absorbed Swallowed up; engulfed; overwhelmed

abstinence Act or practice of refraining from indulging an appetite

abstract Considered apart from any application to a particular object;

separated from matter; existing in the mind only

absurd Ridiculously unreasonable, unsound, or incongruous

absurdity The quality or state of being ridiculous, unreasonable, or


abundance The property of a more than adequate quantity or supply

abundant Marked by great plenty (as of resources)

abusive Causing physical or psychological maltreatment

accentuated Brought out distinctly; made prominent; emphasized

acceptable Capable, worthy, or sure of being accepted or approved

acceptance An agreement to the act or offer of another, either expressly or by


accessibility Capable of being reached

accessible Easy of access or approach; approachable

accidental Happening by chance or unexpectedly

acclaim Enthusiastic approval or praise

acclaimed Shouted, praised or applaused

accommodates Is agreeable or acceptable to

accompanies Goes along with; is connected with

accompaniment That which goes along with or which is added to complete


accomplishment The fulfillment or completion (of a task, etc.)

accord Harmony of people’s opinions or actions or characters

account (n) A general statement of reasons, causes, grounds, etc.

account (v) To furnish a justifying analysis or explanation

accumulation An increase by natural growth or addition; several things grouped


accurate Conforming exactly to truth or to a standard

accuse To charge with a fault; to blame; to censure

accustomed Adapted to existing conditions

achievement Something accomplished by valor, boldness, or praiseworthy

exertion; a feat

acknowledge To give recognition to

acquainted Made familiar

acquired Gained possession or control of often by unspecified means

acquisition The act of contracting or assuming or acquiring possession of


acrimony Harsh or biting sharpness, especially of words, manner, or


acrobat One that performs gymnastic feats requiring skillful control of the


actual Existing in act or reality

acuity The visual ability to resolve fine detail

acute Characterized by sharpness or severity

adamant Unshakable or immovable, especially in opposition

adaptability The ability to change or be changed to fit a new environment or


adapt To make fit (as for a specific or new use or situation) often by


address To make a spoken or written communication to

adequate Sufficient for a specific requirement

administer To dispense; to serve out; to supply; to execute

administration The execution of public affairs as distinguished from policymaking

administrators Persons legally vested with the right of performance of executive


admiral The commander in chief of a navy

admiration Esteem; high regard

admire To regard with approval, respect, or satisfaction

admission Permission to enter

adopted To have taken or received as one’s own what is not so naturally;

to have selected and taken or approved

adore To regard with the utmost esteem and affection

adorn To enhance the appearance of, especially with beautiful objects;

to decorate

adroit Skillful in the use of the hands or in the exercise of the mental

faculties; exhibiting skill

adulation Servile flattery; praise in excess, or beyond what is merited

advance To raise; to elevate; to move ahead

advantage The quality of having a superior or more favorable position

advantageous Gainful; profitable; useful; beneficial

adventurous Rash, venturesome, daring; enterprising

adversary Opposed; opposite; adverse; antagonistic

adverse Contrary to one’s interests or welfare; harmful or unfavorable

adversity A state of misfortune or affliction

advertisement The act of informing or notifying; notification; a public notice,

especially a paid one

advice Recommendation regarding a decision or course of conduct

advise To give advice

advocacy The act or process of supporting a cause or proposal

advocate One who defends, vindicates, or espouses any cause by argument

advocated Pleaded in favor of

aerodynamics A branch of dynamics that deals with the motion of air

aesthete One who is sensitive or oversensitive to beauty or good taste

aesthetic Concerning or characterized by an appreciation of beauty or good


aesthetically In a tasteful way

affable Gracious; pleasant; friendly

affectation An attempt to assume or exhibit what is not natural or real; false

display; artificial show

affected Given to false show; assuming or pretending to possess what is

not natural or real

affection Tender attachment

affiliate To bring or receive into close connection as a member or branch

affiliation Association or reception as a member in or of the same family or


affirmation A positive assertion

affirmed Strengthened or made more firm as by corroboration

against In opposition to

agent One who is authorized to act for or in the place of another as a


aggression Disposition to attack

agility Having quick and light motion

agreeable Willing; ready to agree or consent

agreement Harmony of opinion, statement, action, or character;

concurrence; concord

agriculturalists Those who study the science, art, or practice of cultivating the

soil, producing crops, and raising livestock

agriculture The science, art, or practice of cultivating the soil, producing

crops, and raising livestock

aid To help, assist, support, sustain, succor, or relieve

ailment A bodily disorder or chronic disease

airborne Done or being in the air

airplay The playing of a musical recording on the air by a radio station

aisle A long, narrow passage

alabaster A compact, fine-textured, usually white gypsum often carved into

ornamental items

alacrity A cheerful readiness, willingness, or promptitude

alas An interjection used to express unhappiness, pity, or concern

alert Very attentive or observant

algae Chiefly aquatic nonvascular plants with chlorophyll often masked

by a brown or red pigment

alias Otherwise called; otherwise known as

alienated Made unfriendly, hostile, or indifferent where attachment

formerly existed

allege To declare to be the case, esp. without proof

alleges Asserts without proof or before proving

allergy Hypersensitive reaction to a particular allergen

alleviate To lighten or lessen (physical or mental troubles); to mitigate or

make easier to be endured

alleviated Relieved or lessened the force or weight of

alliance An association to further the common interests of its members

allied Having or being in close association

allies Two or more nations joined together in an alliance to fight a

common enemy

allusion A figurative or symbolical reference

allusions An implied or indirect reference especially in literature

almanac A publication containing astronomical, meteorological, and other

data for a given year

aloof At a distance

alteration The making of a limited change in something

altercation Noisy quarrel

alter To make different without changing into something else

alternative Offering or expressing a choice

although (Conjunction) despite the fact that

alumnus One who has attended or has graduated from a particular school

amateur A person who cultivates any study or art without pursuing it


amazing Causing astonishment

ambassador An official messenger and representative

ambiguities The qualities or states of being doubtful or uncertain, especially

from obscurity or indistinctness

ambiguous Open to more than one interpretation; uncertain; equivocal

ambition A desire for activity or exertion; a desire to achieve a particular


ambivalent Simultaneously feeling opposing feelings, such as love and hate

amenable Readily brought to yield, submit, or cooperate

amicability Having a disposition characterized by warmth and friendliness

amicable Friendly; peaceable; kind; harmonious

ample Plentiful; copious

amplify To render larger, more extended, or more intense

anachronism A chronological misplacing of persons, events, objects, or customs

in regard to each other

anachronistic Chronologically misplaced

analgesic A medicine used to relieve pain

analogous Similar or correspondent in some respects though otherwise


analysis A detailed examination of the elements or structure of a


analyze To study or determine the nature and relationship of the parts of


anarchist One who rebels against any authority, established order, or ruling

power, esp. in a violent manner

ancestors Those from whom a person is descended

ancient Of or relating to a remote period, especially to a time early in


anecdote Short account of an incident (especially a biographical one)

anesthesia A substance causing the loss of bodily sensation with or without

loss of consciousness

animosity Violent hatred leading to active opposition; active enmity;

energetic dislike

annexation The act or process of attaching, adding, or appending

annoy To disturb or irritate, especially by continued or repeated acts

annual Covering the period of a year; occurring or happening once a year

anomaly Deviation from the common rule; an irregularity

anonymity The quality or state of being unnamed or unidentified

anonymous Not named or identified

antagonism Opposition of a conflicting force, tendency, or principle; actively

expressed opposition

antagonist One that contends with or opposes another; an adversary

antagonize To contend with; to act in opposition to; to provoke the hostility of

anthem A song or hymn of praise or gladness

anthology A collection of selected literary pieces or passages or works of art

or music

anthropocentrism An inclination to evaluate reality exclusively in terms of human


antibiotic A chemical substance derivable from a mold or bacterium that

kills microorganisms and cures infections

anticipated Expected hopefully, or rightfully expected

antidote A substance that stops or controls the effects of a poison

antipathy Settled aversion or dislike

antiquity The quality of being old or ancient

antiseptic A substance that destroys disease-causing micro-organisms

without harming body tissues

antithesis The direct opposite

anxiety Painful or apprehensive uneasiness of mind, usually over an

impending or anticipated ill

anxious Mentally upset over possible misfortune or danger, etc; worried

apathetic Having or showing little or no feeling or emotion

apathy Lack of feeling or emotion

apologetic Offering or expressing regret or fault

apologize To express regret, acknowledge faults, or make excuses for

appalling Causing consternation; dismaying

apparatus A set of materials or equipment designed for a particular use

apparent Visible; distinct; plain; obvious; clear; certain; evident; manifest;


apparently Plainly; clearly; evidently; seemingly; in appearance

appeal To arouse a sympathetic response

appeals Earnest pleas

appearance A sense impression or aspect of a thing

applaud Clap one’s hands or shout after performances to indicate approval

application An act of putting to use; a verbal or written request for assistance

or employment or admission to a school

appraisal The classification of someone or something with respect to its


appraise To set a value; to estimate the worth of, particularly by persons

appointed for the purpose

appreciate To grasp the nature, worth, quality, or significance of

apprehensive Viewing the future with anxiety or alarm

apprentice One who is learning by practical experience under skilled workers

approach The taking of preliminary steps toward a particular purpose

approval An act or instance of finding something or someone favorable or


aquarium A tank filled with water for keeping fish and underwater animals

and plants

aquatic Relating to or consisting of or being in water

arable Capable of being farmed productively

arbiter Someone chosen to judge and decide a disputed issue

arbitrary Random; capricious

arcane Requiring secret or mysterious knowledge; obscure

archaeology The study of material remains (as fossil relics, artifacts, and

monuments) of

past human life and activities

architect A person who designs buildings and advises in their construction

architecture The art or science of building

archive A place in which public records or historical documents are


archived Filed or collected (as records or documents) in or as if in an


arctic Of or relating to the north pole or the region near it; extremely


ardor Warmth or heat of passion or affection; eagerness; zeal

arena Any place of public contest or exertion; any sphere of action

argument A fact or assertion offered as evidence that something is true

arid Excessively dry

aristocrat A member of a government by a small privileged class

army 1: an organization of military land forces 2: a large number of

people united for some specific purpose

arouses Calls forth; awakens; excites; stimulates to action

arrest To stop; to check or hinder the motion or action of

arrogance A feeling or an impression of superiority manifested in an

overbearing manner or presumptuous claims

arthritis Inflammation of joints due to infectious, metabolic, or

constitutional causes

article A non-fictional essay, esp. one included with others in a

newspaper, maga zine, journal, etc.

artifacts Items created by humans usually for a practical purpose; objects

remaining from a particular period

artisan A skilled worker who practices some trade or handicraft

artist One who professes and practices an art (e.g., painter, sculptor,

musician, architect, etc.)

artless Lacking art, knowledge, or skill

ascetic Practicing great self-denial

aspirations Strong desires to achieve something high or great

assault An intentional physical attack or beating

assembly A public place to meet for open discussion and legislation

assertion A declaration that is made as if no supporting evidence were


assess Place a value on; judge the worth of something

assiduous Hard-working

assignments Tasks or duties allotted to a person

assimilation The process of absorbing into the culture

associate To join as a partner, friend, or companion

associated Joined as a companion; brought into association

associates Brings together or into relationship in any of various intangible


association An organization of persons having a common interest

assume To take as granted or true

assumption A belief (often presumptuous) that something is true

assurance Freedom from doubt; belief in yourself and your abilities; a

binding commitment to do something

assured Declared to, solemnly; asserted to someone with the design of

inspiring belief or confidence

astonishing So surprisingly impressive as to stun or overwhelm

astonishment The feeling that accompanies something extremely surprising

astral Of, relating to, or coming from the stars

astronaut A person trained to travel in a spacecraft

astronomer One who makes observations of celestial phenomena

astute Having or showing shrewdness and perspicacity

asylum A place of retreat or security

athlete A person who is trained or skilled in exercises, sports, or games

atlas A collection of maps in book form

atrophy Decrease in size or wasting away of a body part or tissue

attain To gain with effort

attempts Efforts to do, accomplish, solve, or effect

attention The act or state of attending, esp. through applying the mind to

an object of sense or thought

attest To affirm to be true or genuine

attitudes Mental positions with regard to a fact or state

attorney A legal agent qualified to act for suitors and defendants in legal


attracted Drawn by appeal to natural or excited interest

attribute To regard as belonging or appropriate to; to regard as a


attribution An ascribed quality, character, or right

atypical Deviating from or not conforming to type

audacious Daring; invulnerable to fear or intimidation

audacity Aggressive boldness or unmitigated effrontery

audible Heard or perceptible by the ear

audience Admittance to a hearing; a formal interview; a group of listeners

or spectators

auditor A person authorized to examine and verify accounts

auditory Of, relating to, or experienced through hearing

auspicious Attended by favorable circumstances

austere Markedly simple or unadorned

authentic Not false or imitation; genuine

author A person who writes (books or stories or articles or the like)


authoritarian Of, relating to, or favoring blind submission to authority

authoritative Having authority or ascendancy or influence

authority Power to influence or command thought, opinion, or behavior

autobiographical Marked by or dealing with one’s own experiences or life history

automation The state or use of techniques and equipment to achieve

automatic operation or control

automobile A 4-wheeled motor vehicle

autonomy The quality or state of being self-governing or self-sufficient

autopsy An examination and dissection of a dead body to determine cause

of death or the changes produced by disease

availability The quality of being at hand when needed

avalanche A large mass of snow, ice, earth, rock, or other material in swift

motion down a mountainside

avenue A way of access

avid Characterized by enthusiasm and vigorous pursuit

avoided Escaped; eluded; evaded; eschewed

aware Having or showing realization or perception

awe An overwhelming feeling of wonder or admiration

awkwardness A lacking of grace or skill in manner, movement, or performance

backfire To have the reverse of the desired or expected effect

background The scenery or ground behind something

baffling Confusing or puzzling

baleful Deadly or pernicious in influence

balk To abruptly refuse to comply

ballad A narrative song with a recurrent refrain

ballot A document used in voting that lists the choices

banal Lacking originality, freshness, or novelty

bane Something that causes misery or death; curse; ruin

bankruptcy The state of being actually or legally ruined financially

banned Prohibited especially by legal means

banquet An elaborate and often ceremonious meal

bar The body of individuals qualified to practice law

bard A lyric poet

barely In a meager manner

bark Tough protective covering of the woody stems and roots of trees

barrage The rapid and continuous delivery of linguistic communication;


barred Prevented entry or exit or a course of action

barren Producing little or no vegetation

barrier A structure or object that impedes free movement

bashful Self-consciously timid; very modest

basic Of or relating to essential structure, function, or facts

basis The bottom of something considered as its foundation

battery The unlawful beating of another; willful, violent, or negligent

touching of another person

bay An inlet of the sea or other body of water usually smaller than a


beacon A signal or conspicuous mark erected as a guiding device

beam Ray of light

bearing Having as a feature or characteristic

bedazzled Impressed forcefully; enchanted

befriend To act as a friend to; become friendly with

behavior The manner of conducting oneself

belated After the expected or usual time; delayed

belies Shows (something) to be false or wrong

belligerence An aggressive or truculent attitude, atmosphere, or disposition

benefactor A person who helps people or institutions, esp. financially

beneficial Promoting or enhancing well-being

benevolent Kind; generous

benign Of a mild type or character

bequeath To leave or give by will

berate To scold or rebuke

bereft Unhappy in love; suffering from unrequited love; sorrowful

through loss or deprivation

beret A visorless, usually woolen cap with a tight headband and a soft

full flat top

betray To reveal unintentionally (“Her smile betrayed her true feelings”);

to deliver to an enemy by treachery

betrayed Treated falsely or disloyally

beverage A drinkable liquid

bewilder To be a mystery to; to puzzle; to confuse; to perplex

biased Favoring one person or side over another; having propensity

toward an object or view

bibliographer One who writes or is versed in the history or description of books

bibliography A list often with descriptive or critical notes of writings relating to

a particular subject, author, or publisher

bilked Frustrated or disappointed; deceived or defrauded

billboard Large outdoor signboard

bills Statutes in draft before they become law

binding Tying or holding together as a single mass

biologist A scientist who studies living organisms

biology A branch of science that deals with living organisms and vital


birthday The day on which a person is born

biting Capable of wounding; sharp and hurtful (“a biting remark”)

bitter Marked by strong resentment or cynicism

bizarre Strikingly out of the ordinary

blaze A strong flame that burns brightly

bleeding Losing or shedding one’s blood

blemish A mark or flaw that spoils the appearance of something

bloodhound A breed of large powerful hound of European origin having very

acute smell and used in tracking

blossom The flower of a plant

bluebell Any of various plants bearing blue bell-shaped flowers

blueprints Guides for making something else; detailed plans or technical


blunt Characterized by disconcerting directness in manner or speech;

without subtlety or evasion

boar An uncastrated male swine

board A group of people appointed or elected to manage a public or

private entity; council

boast To speak of or assert with excessive pride

body (of facts) The main, central, or principal part of an argument

bohemian Unconventional in especially appearance or behavior

boldness The trait of being willing to undertake things that involve risk or


bolt To swallow hastily or without chewing

bombast Pompous or pretentious talk or writing

bombastic Ostentatiously lofty in style

bonus An additional payment to employees as a means of increasing


book A collection of sheets of paper or similar material bound together,

blank, written, or printed

boon A desirable state; blessing

boorish Ill-mannered, coarse and contemptible in behavior or appearance

boost The act of giving hope or support to someone

borders Lines that indicate a boundary

boredom The state of being weary or restless due to lack of interest

botanist A biologist specializing in the study of plants

boundless Unconfined; immeasurable; illimitable; infinite

bounds Limiting lines; borders

bourgeois Conforming to the standards and conventions of the middle class

boycotted Engaged in a concerted refusal to have dealings with

brag An instance of boastful talk

branches Things that extend from or enter into a main body or source

bravery The quality of being courageous

bridge To find a way of getting over, as a difficulty

brightness The quality of being luminous; emission of reflection of light

brilliant Distinguished by unusual mental keenness or alertness

brittle Having little elasticity, hence easily cracked or fractured or


broached Made public; uttered; published first; put forth; introduced as a

topic of conversation

broadcast A transmission of a radio, television program, or signal for public


broadcaster Someone who broadcasts on radio or television

brooding Dwelling gloomily on a subject

browse To look around casually or randomly

bruise An injury that doesn’t break the skin but results in some


brusqueness An abrupt discourteous manner; prompt roughness

brutality The trait of extreme cruelty

buck A male animal

bucolic Relating to or typical of rural life

budget A sum of money allocated for a particular purpose

buffer To protect from impact (“cushion the blow”)

bureaucrat An official who is rigidly devoted to the details of administrative


butcher A retailer of meat; a person who slaughters or dresses meat for


buttress An external prop or support, usually of stone or brick, built to

reinforce the integrity of a structure

buyer A person who makes purchases

bygone Well in the past; former (“bygone days”)

byline The line giving the name of the writer of a story or article

bypass To avoid something unpleasant or laborious

cadet Military trainee (as at a military academy)

cajole To influence or urge by gentle urging, caressing, or flattering

calamity An event resulting in great loss and misfortune

calibrate To make fine adjustments for optimal functioning

calligraphy Artistic, stylized, or elegant handwriting or lettering

callous Emotionally hardened; unfeeling, insensitive

camaraderie Good will between friends

camouflage Make invisible by means of protective coloring or garments

campaign A connected series of operations designed to bring about a

particular result

candidate One that aspires to or is nominated or qualified for an office,

membership, or award

candor Sincerity; openness

cantankerous Difficult or irritating to deal with

canvas Heavy, closely woven fabric

capacity The potential or suitability for holding, storing, or accommodating

capitalism An economic system characterized by private or corporate

ownership of capital goods

capricious Impulsive and unpredictable

capsule A spacecraft designed to transport people and support human life

in outer space

caption A brief description accompanying an illustration

captivate To attract; to cause to be enamored

capture To succeed in representing or expressing something intangible

cardiologist A physician who specializes in the study of the heart and its

actions and diseases

carefree Having no worries or troubles

caricature Exaggeration, often by means of ludicrous distortion of parts or


carnivorous Meat eating; dependent on the consumption of flesh for


carouse To engage in boisterous, drunken merry-making

carping Querulous and often perverse criticism; fault-finding

cartographer One who makes charts or maps

cartography The science or art of making maps

carving Cutting away parts to create a desired shape

cascade Falling or rushing forth in quantity

cast The set of actors, singers, and/or dancers in a dramatic


catalogue A complete list of things, usually arranged systematically

catalyst Something that causes an important event to happen

catalyze To change by catalysis or cause to catalyze

catapult To shoot forth or launch

catastrophe An event resulting in great loss and misfortune

cater To supply what is required or desired

cathartic Emotionally purging

caustic Burning; corrosive

cavities Unfilled spaces within a mass; hollowed-out spaces

cease To bring an activity or action to an end

celebration An occasion for special festivities to mark some happy event

cell A room where a prisoner is kept

cellular Of, relating to, or consisting of cells

censorship The act of deleting anything considered objectionable

censure Harsh criticism or disapproval

central In the middle of; of importance

centuries Periods of 100 years

cerebral Involving intelligence rather than emotions or instinct

certitude The state of being or feeling certain

champion 1: A militant advocate or defender; 2: a winner; one who shows

marked superiority

chaotic Lacking a visible order or organization; unpredictable and


chapped Roughened, reddened, or cracked as a result of cold or exposure

(“chapped lips” or “chapped skin”)

character One of the attributes that distinguish an individual; moral

excellence or firmness

characterize To describe the character or quality of; distinguish

charitable Full of love for and goodwill toward others; benevolent; generous

charlatan A flamboyant deceiver; one who attracts customers with tricks or


cherish To hold dear; to feel or show deep affection for

child rearing The act of raising or bringing up children

chisel n: a hand tool with a flat steel blade with a cutting edge; v: carve

with a chisel

choreography The design or arrangement of a staged dance

chorus An organized company of singers who perform in concert

chronicle A usually continuous, historical account of events arranged in

order of time

chronicler A recorder of events in the order of time; a historian

chronology Arrangement of events in time

circumscribe To enclose within a certain limit

circuitous Marked by obliqueness or indirection in speech or conduct

circulate To follow a course that returns to the starting point

circulation Passage or transmission from person to person or place to place

circumlocution Indirect expression; evasion of speech

circumvented Evaded; found a way around

cite To quote by way of example, authority, or proof

citizenry Total inhabitants of a city or town

civic Of or relating to a citizen, a city, citizenship, or civil affairs

civil Relating to private rights and to remedies sought by action or suit

distinct from criminal proceedings

civilizations Relatively high levels of cultural and technological development

claim A demand for something due or believed to be due

clairvoyant Perceiving things beyond the natural range of the senses;

foreseeing the future

clamoring Becoming loudly insistent; making a din

clandestine Conducted with or marked by hidden aims or methods

clarity The state of being easily understood; comprehensibility; clear


clash To come into conflict

clause A separate section of a discourse or writing

clergy The body of men set apart, by due ordination, to the service of


cliché A trite or obvious remark

clientele Customers

cling To hold or hold on tightly or tenaciously

cloud To envelop or hide with or as if with a cloud

cloying Overly sweet

coagulation The process by which a liquid forms into a semisolid mass

cobbler A person who makes or repairs shoes

condemn To express strong disapproval of

cogent Convincing; reasonable

cognizant Having knowledge or understanding; mindful; aware

coherent Logically or aesthetically ordered or integrated

cohesion The act or state of sticking together tightly; unity

cohesive Well integrated; unified

cohesiveness The act or state of sticking together tightly

coiled Cylindrically or spirally wound

coinage The act or process of coining

coinciding Corresponding exactly; matching point for point

coining Bringing into existence; creating

collaborate To work together on a common enterprise or project

collage Artistic composition, made of material such as paper or

photographs, com bined on a picture surface

collapse An abrupt failure of function or health

colleague An associate in a profession or in a civil or ecclesiastical office

collective Of or from several or many individuals; common

colloquial Characteristic of informal spoken language or conversation

collusion Secret agreement or cooperation especially for an illegal or

deceitful purpose

colonial Of, relating to, characteristic of, or inhabiting a colony

column A newspaper or magazine article giving opinions or perspectives

combat An engagement fought between two military forces; v. to fight

combustible Capable of igniting and burning

combustion A process in which a substance reacts with oxygen to give heat

and light

comedian A professional entertainer who uses any of various physical or

verbal means to be amusing

commandeered Taken arbitrary or forcible possession of

commencement An academic exercise in which diplomas are conferred

commendation The act of praising

commentary Something that serves for illustration or explanation

comments Observations or remarks expressing opinions or attitudes

commercial Connected with, engaged in, sponsored by, or used in commerce

or business enterprises

commission To appoint or assign to a task or function

commodity An economic good (as a product of agriculture or mining)

commonsense Sound and prudent but often unsophisticated judgment

comparable Similar; like

comparisons Examinations of two or more items to establish similarities and


compassion A deep awareness of and sympathy for another’s suffering

compatibility Capable of existing together in harmony

compelled Driven or urged forcefully or irresistibly

compelling Forceful; urgently demanding attention

compensate To make up for; to counterbalance; to recompense

competent Properly or sufficiently qualified, capable or efficient; adequate for

the purpose

competition A contest between rivals

competitive Inclined, desiring, or suited to rivalry

competitiveness An aggressive willingness to compete

competitor A rival; one who competes

complacent Contented to a fault

complaisant Showing a cheerful willingness to please or oblige

complement The quantity or number required to make a thing complete

completion The act of becoming or making complete; a concluding action

complex A whole made up of complicated or interrelated parts

complexity The quality of being intricate and compounded

compliance Acting according to certain accepted standards

complicity Guilt as an accomplice in a crime or offense

components Individual parts which make up a system

compose To form by putting together

composer A person who writes music

composition A written piece of music

compound To make more intense, stronger, or more marked

comprehensible Capable of being understood or interpreted

comprehensive Including all or everything; broad in scope

compressible Capable of being reduced in size or volume

compromise A settlement of differences by arbitration or by consent reached

by mutual concessions

comrade An intimate friend or associate; a companion; a fellow soldier

concealment The activity of keeping something secret

conceivable Possible to conceive or imagine

conceive To form a conception of; to image

concept Something conceived in the mind; a thought or notion

concerns Is a care, trouble, or distress to

concession The admitting of a point claimed in argument

concessions Acknowledgments; admissions

conciliatory Making or willing to make concessions

concise Expressing much in a few words; condensed; brief and compacted

conclusion A position or opinion or judgment reached after consideration

conclusive Putting an end to debate or question especially by reason of


concocted Devised; made up; contrived; planned; plotted

concrete n: A hard, strong building material made by mixing a cementing

material and a mineral aggregate; adj: solid; definite

condemn To pronounce guilty

condemning Declaring to be reprehensible, wrong, or evil

condense Compress or concentrate

condescending Assuming an air of superiority; patronizing

condolence An expression of sympathy with another’s grief

conducive Tending to promote or assist

conduct Behavior; manner of acting

conductor Leader of a musical ensemble; a substance that readily channels

or transmits electricity, heat, or sound

conduit A passage for water or other fluids

confection A food rich in sugar

confer To compare views or take counsel

conference A meeting for consultation, discussion, or an interchange of


confidant One to whom secrets are entrusted

confidence Freedom from doubt; belief in one’s self and one’s abilities

confidential Marked by intimacy or willingness to confide

confidentiality Discretion in keeping secret information

confines Things (as borders or walls) that enclose

confirming Giving new assurance of the truth of; rendering certain

conflagration Conflict

conflict Struggle resulting from incompatible or opposing needs or wishes

conflicting Being in opposition; incompatible

conform To be obedient or compliant

conformist A person who acts in accordance with an established practice

conformity Acting according to certain accepted standards

confrontation The clashing of forces or ideas

congregation An assembly of people, esp. one that meets for worship and

religious instruction

connection Causal or logical relation

connotation Something suggested by a word or thing; implication

conquer To gain mastery over or win by overcoming obstacles or


conquered Overcome by force of arms; defeated

conscious Perceiving, apprehending, or noticing

consciously Knowingly; willfully; perceptively

consciousness The quality or state of being aware, especially of something within


consensus Agreement of the majority in sentiment or belief

consequence The result of an action; a conclusion derived through logic

consequential Meaningful; momentous; important

conservatism The act of preserving, guarding, or protecting

conservative Tending or disposed to maintain existing views, conditions, or


considerations Matter taken into account when making decisions

consistency Firmness of constitution or character

consistent Marked by harmony, regularity, or steady continuity

consolation The act of consoling; giving relief in affliction

conspire To join in a secret agreement to do an unlawful or wrongful act

constancy The quality of being free from change or variation

constellations Clusters or groups of fixed stars

consternation Bewilderment or dismay that throws one into confusion

constituent One of a group who elects another to represent him or her in

public office

constitutes Forms or composes

constricted Made narrow or drawn together

consumerism A preoccupation with and an inclination toward the buying of

consumer goods

consumer A person who uses goods or services

consummate Having or revealing supreme mastery or skill

consumption The utilization of economic goods in the satisfaction of needs or in


contagious Easily diffused or spread as from one person to another

contaminate To make impure; to pollute; to infect

contaminated Soiled, stained, corrupted, or infected by contact or association

contemplate To view or consider with continued attention

contemporaneous Existing, occurring, or originating during the same time

contemporaries All the people living at the same time or of approximately the

same age

contemporary Characteristic of the present; a person of nearly the same age as


contempt Lack of respect accompanied by a feeling of intense dislike

contemptuous Manifesting or expressing contempt or disdain

contending Striving or struggling in rivalry or battle

contentiousness A disposition to fight; quarrelsomeness

contentment The state of being contented or satisfied

contestant One that participates in a contest

context The set of facts or circumstances that surround a situation or


contradict To assert the contrary of; to take issue with

contradiction A statement or phrase that asserts or implies both the truth and

falsity of something

contradictory Unable to both be true at the same time